The coins were realized by hammering a gold modul with the help of a pair of dies. In Antiquity, the coins were made with two dies, one fixed (obverse) and another one mobile (reverse). Above the fixed die, a disk shaped metal blank was placed, and on the top came the mobile die. By hammering the upper die, the negative image was stamped on the metal disk. This procedure of striking coins remained basically unchanged until the Middle Ages.The die was made from an iron or bronze cylinder, and had, in negative, the image of the coin. It was made using various techniques like engraving, cast in the “lost wax” technique etc.
Discoveries of ancient monetary dies are extremely rare all over the world. From Dacia, some finds are known, the most spectacular one being the Tilișca, Sibiu county, and Grădiște Muncelului. The dies from Tilișca (it seems, a 1st century AD die-hoard) were used to forge Roman coins, and proved that the Dacians had a solid knowledge of moneymaking technique.
A study of the dies used to produce the kosons with monogram from the Târșa hoard revealed the following:
With only one fixed die, around 10000 up to 30000 coins were made, which means that the total mintage of koson coins were in the range of about tens of thousands.